Mayiladuturai or Mayavaram Divya Desam

Mayiladuturai or Mayavaram about 35 kms from Kumbakonam has 7 Divya Desam Temple. The Divya Desam Temple in Mayavaram are Parimala Ranganathar Perumal Temple, Sri Devaadi Raja Perumal Temple, Sthalasayana Perumal Temple, Sri Sowrirajan Neelamega Perumal Temple, Neelamega Perumal Temple, Loganatha Perumal Temple, Sri Naanmadhiya Perumal Temple,

01-Thiru Indhaloor - Sri Parimala Ranganatha Perumal Temple :-The Parimala Ranganathar Perumal Temple, or the Tiruindaloor temple, is one of the 108 Divya desams of Lord Vishnu , dedicated to Lord Vishnu is located in Mayavaram in  Tamil Nadu, India.The Temple was built with contributions from the Cholas, the Vijayanagris and the Nayaks, along the Cauvery river. The Temple is bordered by granite walls and the main gateway has 5 tiers. The temple has six daily rituals at various times from 5:30 a.m. to 9 p.m., and twelve yearly festivals on its calendar. The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Chartibable Institutions Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu. The temple is one of the prominent tourist destinations in the district.

Legend of Parimala Ranganathar Perumal Temple,  According to legend, King Ambarishan was due to complete his 100th Ekadasi-Dwadasi fasting. The Ekadwasi fasting involves fasting and thinking only of the glory of the lord for 12 days, till the Dwadasi. The people of his kingdom were immensely happy that their ruler would be completing a century of this great deed.

All preparations were made for a grand celebration in the empire.But, the gods were unhappy as if the King managed to complete his 100th fast, he would be elevated to the status of a God and the Gods did not want to lose their importance in front of the humans. So, they approached Sage Durvaa for help, known for his cunning temperament. The Sage promised to help them, and went to King Ambarishan’s palace to visit him.

The King was about to consume his food and complete the fast, when Durvasa entered. Glad to have the Sage visit him, the King requested Durvasa to dine with him. Durvasa, cunningly told the king that he would eat after a bath in the river. The King waited for Durvasa, but the time to complete  the fast was nearing. The King then consulted his chief pandit who advised him to have a few drops of water and complete the fast as Durvasa was determined to come late and foil the fast.

Knowing the King’s plan with his powers, Durvasa conjured up a ghost and sent the ghost after the king. The King ran, praying to the Lord to protect him. The lord appeared, seing whom the Ghost immediately backed away. Seing the lord, Durvasa realized his folly and apologized to the Lord and to the King. The Lord then asked the King for a boon as he had completed 100 fasts. The King asked that the lord stay at his palace forever and bless the people of his empire. Pleased with his devotion, the Lord decided to stay at the palace.

Pooja Rituals : The temple follows Pancharatra Agama and THENKALAI tradition. The temple priests perform the pooja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. Like other Vishnu temples of Tamil Nadu, the priests belong to the Vaishnavite community, a Brahmin sub-caste.

The Temple Rituals are performed six times a day; Tiruvanandal at 8:00 a.m., Kala santhi at 9:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 12:30 p.m., Niyyanusandhanam at 6:00 p.m., Irandamkalam at 7:30 p.m. and Ardha Jamam at 9:00 p.m. Each ritual comprises three steps: alangaram (decoration), neivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for both Parimala Ranganathar and Thayar.

The food offering during the six times are curd rice, Ven pongal, spiced rice, dosa, Ven pongal and sugar pongal respectively. The worship is held amidst music with nagaswaram (pipe instrument) and tavil (percussion instrument), religious instructions in the Vedas (sacred text) read by priests and prostration by worshippers in front of the temple mast. There are weekly, fortnightly and monthly rituals.

02-Thiruvazhunthoor - Sri Devaadi Raja Perumal Temple :-Sri Devaadi Raja Perumal Temple, or Thiruvazhunthoor, is revered as one of the 108 Divya Desam Temple of Lord Vishnu situated in Thiruvazhunthoor, Therazhundur, a village in Tanjore district of Tamil Nadu. It lies in between Mayavaram junction and Kuttalam railway station on the main railway line between Chennai (Madras) and Tanjore. Sri Devaadi Raja Perumal Temple is one of the “Divya Desams”, the 108 temples of Vishnu revered by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars.Sri Devaadi Raja Perumal Temple, is revered as one of the 108 Divya Desam Temple of Lord Vishnu .

Legend Uparisaravasu was the king of Sethi Kingdom and was the student of Devaguru Bhragaspathi. He got a chariot which floated in the sky from Lord Indra. Once he settled a dispute between the rishi’s and devas and favour it in the Deva’s side. The rishi’s got angry and cursed the king that his chariot would not fly in the sky. So as an effect to the curse, his chariot got stuck in this place and the king fell infront of the lord. Henceforth this place is called as Therazhunthur (Ther means Chariot).Lord Narayana sent Garudan and helped him to fly back. As Lord helped the person loved by deva’s who was a human he was called Devaadirajan from then on.

This Sthalam is the birth place of the Great Tamil Poet, Kambar who has created “Kamba Ramayanam”.

03-Thiru Sirupuliyur - Sri Arulmaakadal Perumal Temple :-Sthalasayana Perumal Temple (also called Sri Arulmaakadal Perumal Temple) is revered as one of the 108 Divya Desam Temple of Lord Vishnu , located near Kollumangudi,. It is located 2 km away from Kollumangudi, 40 km away from Kumbakonam and 10 km from Karaikal. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD. Sri Arulmaakadal Perumal Temple is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Lord Vishnu, who is worshipped as Sthalasayana Perumal and his consort Lakshmi as Thirumagal Nachiyar.

A special feature of Sri Arulmaakadal Perumal Temple is that this is one of the only two Divya Desams where the image of Vishnu is depicted in Sayana Kolam (sleeping posture) facing the Southern direction, the other being Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple.

Sri Arulmaakadal Perumal Templeis revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Thirumangai alvar. The Azhwar has sung praise on the different forms of Sthalasayana Perumal. The temple is classified as a Divyadesam, one of the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the book.

Legend of Sthalasayana Perumal Temple
- Once there was a Sage named Vyagrapadhar underwent a rigorous penance towards Lord Shiva in Chidambaram to attain Moksham. Lord Shiva gave him his prathyaksham and asked him to go to Srirangam and Aranganathar is the one who only can bless him Moksham. Since Srirangam is far away from Chidambaram the Sage asked Lord Shiva to offer the Legs of the Tiger to reach Srirangam faster and he got that too. But due to his old age and the poor eye sight the Sage went in a different direction and was able to reach only Thiru Sirupuliyur instead of Srirangam.

Since he could not proceed further, he underwent a penance here itself. Pleased Paranthaman appeared in front of the Sage in his Gigantic Kidantha Thirukkolam ( Sayana Posture ) as lord blesses in Srirangam Divyadesam. It is believed that the Lord originally gave darshan to the Rishi as Lord Aranganathar in his full form as big as in Srirangam. Since the Sage was with poor eye sight, the lord later blessed him in the form of tiny form in his Bala Sayanam. Being the Lord in small form and the saint who worshipped was in the form of a Tiger; hence this place is called Siru (small) Puli (Tiger) yur (Living place). It’s been said the perumal of this place gave protection to the snake Aadhiseshan from his enemy Garuda.

04 Thiru Kannapuram Sri Sowrirajan Neelamega Perumal Temple :- Thiru Kannapuram  Sri Sowrirajan Neelamega Perumal Temple, is one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples, which are dedicated to Lord Vishnu, a divya Desam on the banks of Vennaru is situated in Nagapattinam Dist, Tamilnadu, which is a collection of three temples of Lord Paranthaman. Neelamega Perumal Temple, is revered as one of the 108 Divya Desam Temple of Lord Vishnu . Sreeman Narayanan has been worshipping the devotees in three different temples Neelamega Perumal Temple, a divyadesam on the banks of Vennaru is situated in Nagapattinam Dist, Tamilnadu, which is a collection of three temples of Lord Paranthaman.

Sreeman Narayanan has been worshipping the devotees in three different temples Sri Neelamaga Perumal, Temple, Thiru Manikundram and Thiru Thanjai Yali Temple. All thest three Temples are being worshipped as One Divyadesam. Among the 108 Divyadesam, this is the one and only Divyadesam where three temples are worshipped as one divyadesam. Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple Temple is one of the 108 Divya Desam Temple of Lord Vishnu .

Legend  of Neelamega Perumal Temple- In Krutha Yuga, three Demons named Thanjagan, Thandagan and Gajamugan had put together underwent a sincere penance towards Lord Shiva. Pleased at the devotion, Lord Shiva gave them his Prathyaksham was asked for the boon what they were looking for. Asuras had asked him for a boon of immortality. Lord Shiva advised them that Sreeman Narayanan is the one and only preserver and he only would be in a position to offer this boon for them and assured them that there would not be to them.

After getting the great boon from Lord Shiva, the Asuras started troubling the entire universe and they also started harrassing the entire Devas and Rishis. During that time there was a severe drought and famine in the whole universe. But surprisingly there was one and only place with enough food and water and that was Sage Parasar’s abode. By knowing this Asuras went down to Sage Parasar’s place and assaulted him. The Sage calledLord Vishnu to help him out. Finally Lord Paranthaman sent his Chakra and destroyed all the Demons, who were troubling everyone .

Only these 3 Asuras were left. Lord Sreeman Narayan appeared before Thanjagan and beheaded him. At last Thanjagan realized all his mistakes and begged Lord to Pardon him. Pleased Lord Vishnu forgave all his blunders. Hence the place is known as Thanjagan oor and known as Thanjavur and Tanjore.

Second Demon Gajamugan took the form of Elephant and fought. Lord Vishnu then took the form of Lord Narsimham (Half Man and Half Lion) and killed the Demon. Regretted Gajamugan asked to pardon him. From that time the place where Gajamugan was killed is worshipped as Thanjai Yali Koil. (Yali means Elephant).

The frightened third Demon Thandagan went down to Bhadhaala Logam to escape. Lord took the form of Varaham (The Pig ) plunged into Bhadhaala Logam and destroyed the Demon. The place where Thandagan killed has been known as Thandagaranyam.  Lord Vishnu appeared as Bhuvaraha Murthi after beheaded Demon Thandagan is being worshipped as Sreemushnam.  At last the Lord  gave salvations to all three Demons.

05.Thiru Naagai Sri Soundaryarajan Neelamega Perumal Temple :- Neelamega Perumal Temple is located in Nagapattinam, Tamil Nadu. Sri Neelamega Perumal Temple is one of the 108 Divya desams dedicated to Lord Vishnu all over the country. The temple is located 4 miles from Nannilam railway station.

The temple is one of the 5 krishna khetrams, the other 4 being Thirukkannankudi, Thirukkannamangai, Thirukannankavithalam and Thirukovilur. The temple has an imposing image of the Lord. The temple used to be near the seashore, however, now the sea has receded by 10 km.

Legend: Neelamega Perumal Temple -There are many legends behind this temple. According to legends, Shakunthala was married to King Dushyantha. However, when the king returned to his kingdom, he forgot his wife. Shakunthala gave birth to their son, Bharat. Shakunthala lost the ring given to her by King Dushyantha in a river. The ring was swallowed by a fish. A fisherman who caught that fish and found the ring gave the ring to the king. On seing the ring, the King remembered all about Shakunthala again and rushed to the forest to bring them back. The fisherman was the key in reuniting Shakunthala and king Dushyantha which is why the fishermen are also called Bharathyar.

In order to serve as a reminder of this, Lord Vishnu married princess Padmavathi from the fishermen crew. In honour of their wedding, every year the fishermen celebrate pongal and pray to the lord. There is also a second story to the origins of this temple. Once there was a demon, Vikataksham. The demon used to terrorise the Maharishis who used to stay in the same village. The Maharishis prayed to Lord Vishnu to kill the demon and rescue them. Lord Vishnu descended on earth and killed the demon with his chakra. In honour of the Lord’s victory, the Maharishis built the temple for the lord.

06-Thirukkannankudi Sri Loganatha Perumal Temple :- The c is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Lord Vishnu. Sri Loganatha Perumal Temple is  is revered as one of the 108 Divya Desam Temple of Lord Vishnu..It is 2 km away from sikkal, Tamil Nadu, on the Tiruvarur-Nagapatnam highway.

Legend Loganatha Perumal Temple According to legend, Maharishi Vashisht made an idol od Lord Krishna out of butter. The butter idol did not melt because of the Maharishi’s pure devotion to the Lord. The Lord decided to test the Sage’s devotion. He transformed himself into a small boy and started to eat the idol. The Sage lost his temper on seeing this and started to chase the boy. When the boy crossed a MagizhaMaram, the other sages performing penance caught him and tied him to a tree. The Lord then showed his true form to his devotees. Krishna is said to have blssed the sages in the form of Lord Damodhara and Damodhara Narayan.

Also, in the Ramayana, Lord Ram was a disciple of Maharishi Vashisht. One day, at Nagapattinam, Lord Krishna descended and taught Maharishi, taking the role of Guru that day.Also, this was the place where the Lord bridged the gap between the mortals and the immortals. By showing his true form to his devotees, he proved that anybody who had pure devotion and sincerity in his prayers could see the Lord himself. He showed himself to a lot more people at that very place.

07-Thiru Thalaicchanga Naanmathiyam - Sri Naan Madhiya Perumal Temple
Sri Naanmadhiya Perumal Temple, named as ‘Thiruthalaichanga Nanmadiyam' is located at Thalaichangadu, Akkur, Nagapatnam district of Tamilnadu. Naanmadhiya Perumal Temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and also one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples. The legend says that the Lord Chandra (The Moon God) got relieved from His curse when He visited this temple and took bath in the holy temple tank. The curse was for the reason that Lord Chandra married the twenty seven daughters of King Daksha Prajapati but partially showed more love on Rohini and was not paying proper attention to His other 26 wives.

By knowing this, the king Daksha Prajapati cursed Lord Chandra that the handsome face of Lord Chandra will be depreciated day by day. The cursed Lord Chandra was advised by His Guru Brahaspathi to worship Lord Vishnu to get relieve of His sins. As the curse of Lord Chandra (the moon god) was got relieved in this temple, the temple is also called as ‘Chandra Shaba Harar'. And it is said that Lord Vishnu was pleased by Lord Chandra's devotion and wore Him on His head as an ornament.

Specialty - The primary deity of this Naanmadhiya Perumal Temple is Lord Naanmadhiya Perumal (Lord Vishnu), with Panchajanyam (conch) facing the east direction. Lord Naanmadhiya Perumal blesses the devotees here along with Goddess Sridevi and Goddess Bhoodevi, and with one of His arms placed on His hip. It is said that Lord Vishnu worshipped Lord Shiva to obtain the Panchajanyam, the conch, which is considered to be more precious.

Since Lord holds the conch and the place were covered with more trees earlier, the place is came to be known as ‘Thalaichangadu'. The Goddess Thalaichanga Nachiar, the consort of Lord Naanmadhiya Perumal does not have a separate shrine in this temple. The idol of Goddess Andal in this temple is said to be very special and mesmerizing. The Vimanam (temple tower) of Sri Naanmadhiya Perumal Temple is called Chandra Vimanam and the temple tank is called Chandra Pushkarini.

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