Trichy Divya Desam Temples
There are Seven Divya Desam Temple of Lord Vishnu in and around Trichy , the Divya Desam Temple are Sri Ranganathaswamy temple in Sri Rangam about 10 kms from Trichy , Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple located in Thirukkozhi in Trichy , Sri Purushothaman Perumal Temple located in Thirukkarambanoor about 12 kms from Trichy , Sri Pundarikashan Perumal Temple In located Thiruvellarai about 25 kms from Trichy , Sri Vadivazhagiya Nambi Perumal Temple located in Thiru Anbil about 32 kms from Trichy , Sri Appakkudathaan Perumal Temple located in Thirupper Nagar about 26 kms from Trichy and Sri Hara Saabha Vimocchana Perumal Temple located in Thirukkandiyur about 55 kms from Trichy.
Ranganathaswami Temple Srirangapatnam / Sri Rangam Ranganatha Swamy Temple also known as Thiruvaranga Tirupati located in Srirangam near trichy is revered as one of the 108 Divya Desam Temple of Lord Vishnu .Srirangapatna Ranganathaswami temple built in 894 AD is an abode to Sri Maha Vishnu, lord here is in a reclining position, resting over the coils of Adi Seshu (A seven head serpent).
The reclining posture statue is said to be the largest statue of its kind in the state of Karnataka. Srirangapatna Ranganathaswami Temple is one of the largest temples with a lofty tower. The Lord is reclining on Adi Sesha with the Goddess in His chest. The images of sage Gautama and Goddess Cauvery are enshrined at the holy feet of the Lord.
Saints and Alwars are enshrined on the corridors. Two pillars in front of the inner entrance are called Chaturvimsati. The 24 forms of Vishnu with their names are engraved thereon. In the north-west corner is the shrine of the Divine Consort Ranganayaki Thayar and the sacred feet of the Lord. Pattabhirama with Sita and Anjaneya at His feet and Lord Rajamannar are wonderful sculptures. There is another Krishna shrine, which is very popular among the devotees. The images of Srinivasa and Panchamukha Anjaneya, installed by Guru Vyasaraya, are noteworthy.
Thirukkozhi Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple Divya Desam Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple is located in Uraiyur, Trichy district of Tamilnadu. Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and also one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples. Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple is also called as ‘Thirukozhi’, ‘Nachiyar Koil’ and ‘Uraiyur Kamalavalli Nachiyar Temple’. This temple is constructed in a Dravidian style. The temple is surrounded by granite wall which encloses all its shrines and has 5- tiered Rajagopuram, which is said to be built in the 8th century AD by Cholas.Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple is a Divyadesam, one of the 108 Vishnu temples in India and elsewhere .The Hindu temple is counted as the second in the line of divyadesam after Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple. The presiding deities of this temple Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple are Azhagiya Manavalan (Lord Vishnu), Goddess Kamalavalli (Goddess Lakshmi, consort of Lord Vishnu). Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple is the only temple were Goddess Kamalavalli facing in the north direction.
There are separate holy shrines found for Ramanujar and Nammazhwar (one of the 12 Azhwars) in this temple. The inner walls of this temple contains the paintings of Nammazhwar and also contains the images of all the 12 Azhwars, Narasimha Avatar of Lord Vishnu. Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple is said to be the second temple among 108 Divya Desam temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu. This temple is said to be glorified as Divya Prabandha in the Tamil literatures.
This temple comes under Chozha Naadu ( land of the Cholas). The legends have it that, when the Chola king Dharma Verman went on a hunt, he found a baby in the forest and brought her up in his palace. The baby was found in a lotus and hence was named "Kamalavalli" (Kamal - Lotus). Kamalavalli, fell in love with the Utsavar (deity) of Sri Rangam Ranganathar temple - Azhagiya Manavalan - (Azhagiya - beautiful, Manavalan - bridge groom) and performed several penances to get him. On the day of her swayamwara (selecting the bride groom ceremony), Vishnu (Azhagiya Manavalan) came from Sri Rangam as a prince and courted her.
When Kamalavalli wanted to marry him, the king wanted to know more about the bride groom. Then the Lord revealed himself and married Kamalavalli on the day before Panguni Uthiram. At the time of the wedding, the king wanted the groom to stay with him at Woraiyur. The Lord agreed to this and remained there as "Azhagiya Manavalan".
Thirukkarambanoor Sri Purushothaman Perumal Temple Divya Desam Thirukkarambanoor Sri Purushothaman Perumal Temple, also named as ‘Uthamar Kovil’ is situated in the Manachanallur Taluk, Tiruchirappalli district of Tamilnadu. Uthamar Kovil is dedicted to Lord Vishnu and also one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples.
This temple is known as a sign of ‘Mumoorthigal'(Three Gods) Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma. Uthamar Kovil is also called as Bhikshandar Kovil. This temple is said to be built by the king of Janakapuri named Janakar, father of Goddess Sita. And later it was contributed by Chola kings and Madurai Nayakars. Uthamar Kovil is fully covered and surrounded by granite walls.
In Uthamar Kovil, Lord Vishnu is worshipped as Lord Purushothaman, the presiding deity, in reclining posture and Goddess Lakshmi as Goddess Pooranavalli (consort of Lord Vishnu). There is a separate holy shrine found for Lord Shiva who is worshipped as Bhikshadanar in the form of Lingam, situated near the shrine of Lord Vishnu.
The Vimanam (the tower above the sanctum) of Uthamar Kovil is known as Udhyoga Vimanam. And there is also a separate shrine for Lord Brahma and Goddess Saraswati,(consort of Lord Brahma) . The other deities found in this Uthamar Kovil are Lord Ganesha, Lord Murugan, Lord Nandheeswarar (the vehicle of Lord Shiva) and the idols of Navagrahas (the nine planets).
The legend is that, Lord Shiva was cursed for the sin of cutting one of Lord Brahma’s heads, and to get relieved from the sin He had to beg for food in Kabaalam (something like grail). The sin of Lord Shiva was partially released when He worshipped Lord Vishnu at Bhikshadana. And Lord Shiva fully relieved from His sin when He worshipped Lord Vishnu at Thirukandiyur when taking a holy dip in the temple tank. The Kabaalam got filled by Goddess Lakshmi at Thirukandiyur and so, In Purushothaman Temple Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma has separate Sannadhi streets and hence called as Mummoorthigal.
Thiruvellarai Sri Pundarikashan Perumal Temple Pundarikakshan Perumal Temple or Thiruvellarai is situated in Tamil Nadu near Tiruchirapalli (Trichy). It is located at a distance of 27 km from Trichy, en route to Turaiyur. Sri Pundarikasha Perumal Temple , is revered as one of the 108 Divya Desam Temple of Lord Vishnu , Here Lord Vishnu is worshipped as Pundarikakshan and his consort Lakshmi as Pankajavalli.
Legend of Sri Pundarikashan Perumal Temple Vellarai means white rock. Since, this sthalam is situated 100 feet high in the top of the small mountain, which is white in colour, this sthalam is called “Thiru Vellarai”. Here a great devotee of Lord Vishnu, Pundarikan, established a garden here and worshipped the Lord with Tulsi leaves grown here. The Lord pleased with his worship gave darshan to him and came to be known as Pundarikaksham.
As per Hindu legend, when Sibi Chakravarthi stayed there with his warriors, a white boar crossed his path. He chased it and the boar hid inside a hole. Markandeya, a sage, was doing penance there and the king narrated the incident to him. The sage asked the king to fill the hole with milk. While doing so, Hindu god Vishnu appeared before them. The sage asked the king to bring 3700 Vaishnavites from the north and build a temple on the site for Vishnu. As requested, the king took 3700 Vaishnavites and started building the temple. While doing so, one of the Vaishnavites was killed in transit and the king was concerned by the accident. Vishnu appeared incognito as Pundarikakshan, a Vaishnavite, and requested to be counted among the 3700.
According to another legend Lakshmi, the consort of Vishnu, performed penance at the temple, and Vishnu appeared before her as Sengamalakannan. The presiding deity has since been called “Thamarai Kannan”, meaning the one who has eyes resembling lotus; his consort is called “Pankacha Valli”. The Hindu god Shiva in form of Neelivaneswarar is believed to have worshiped Pundarikakshan to absolve himself from the sin of holding Brahma’s severed head. Vishnu appeared to both Shiva and Brahma, adhering to their prayers.
Thiru Anbil Sri Vadivazhagiya Nambi Perumal Temple Thiru Anbil, or Sundararaja Perumal Temple (also called Vadivazhagiya Nambi Perumal Temple), in Anbil, a village in the outskirts of Tiruchirappalli in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. Sri Vadivazhagiya Nambi Perumais one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Lord Vishnu, who is worshipped as Sundararajan and his consort Lakshmi as Sundaravalli. This temple is also known as ‘Pancha Ranga Kshetram’ of Lord Vishnu.
Legend of Sri Vadivazhagiya Nambi Perumal Temple As per Hindu legend, sage Suthaba was doing penance at this place. He had powers to reside both in water and land. He did not observe sage Durvasa, who was waiting for him. Durvasa got irritated and cursed Suthaba to become a frog called mendakam in Sanskrit.
Suthaba requested Durvasa on the penance he had to do to get relieved off the curse. Durvasa explained him that the curse was on account of the sin he committed in his previous birth and Vishnu would appear to him to relieve him. Suthaba, as a frog, continued his penance under water in the Mendaka Theertham in the temple and Vishnu appeared to him as Sundararajan.
As per another legend, Hindu god of creation, Brahma, was once of the belief that he was the most handsome individual in the planet as he created all the human beings. Vishnu is believed to learned this and cursed Brahma to be born as a normal life in earth. In earth, Brahma worshiped Vishnu to get relieved off his curse. Vishnu appeared as a handsome young man in front of him. Awed by the individual’s personality, Brahma inquired about his whereabouts. Vishnu revealed his true form and conveyed to Brahma that physical appearance is temporary and one has to be good by heart.
Legend has it that Bhrama and Valmiki worshipped Vishnu here. A similar legend holds at the Anbilalanturai Shivastalam. Legend also has it that Mandookamuni in his state of intense underwater penance failed to pay his respects to the arriving Durvasa muni who cursed him to take up the form of a toad. Upon worshipping Vishnu at this shrine, the sage was relieved of his curse, and hence the name Mandooka pushkarini.
Thirupper Nagar Sri Appakkudathaan Perumal Temple Divya Desam Sri Appakkudathaan Perumal Temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and also one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples , located in Koviladi village of Thiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu.. Sri Appakkudathaan Perumal Temple said to be mostly contributed by Chola dynasties. The mythology says that the as a result of sin, King Ubhamanya was cursed by the Saint Durvasar and lost all his power. And to get rid of the sin, the king was asked to go to Thirupper Nagar and to feed one lakh people there every day.
As asked by the saint, the king started feeding one lakh people at Thirupper Nagar every day. And one day, as a result of testing the king, Lord Vishnu appeared as an old man and asked the king for the meal. The king started feeding to the old man. The old man consumed all the food which was prepared for one lakh people for a day.
The king got confused by seeing this but kept calm and asked the old man with respect whether he need anything else. And the old man asked for a pot full of Nei Appam (a kind of sweet).
The king arranged for it and gave it to the old man. And as soon as the old man received the Appam, the king got relieved of his curse and got blessings from Lord Vishnu in His original form. Because of this reason, the Lord Vishnu is well known as Appakkudathaan in this temple and even today Appam is offered as a special offering to the presiding deity here.
Significance:- Lord Vishnu is worshipped at Appakkudathaan Perumal Temple by the name Lord Appala Rangan, the presiding deity of this temple in reclining posture facing the west direction. This Appakkudathaan Perumal Temple constitutes of 3-tiered Rajagopuram, and the Moolavar (Appala Rangan) is seen holding a pot in His right hand, and surrounded by Goddess Bhooma Devi and Goddess Kamala Valli Thaayar. The other deities of this temple are Lord Ganesha, Saint Nammazhwar, Ramanujar, Lord Lakshmi Narayanar and Lord Venugopalan.
Thirukkandiyur - Sri Hara Saabha Vimocchana Perumal Temple
Hara Saabha Vimocchana Perumal Temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu located in Thirukandiyur, a village in the outskirts of Thiruvayaru in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu,. Hara Saabha Vimocchana Perumal Temple is revered as one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Lord Vishnu, who is worshipped as Hara Saabha Vimochana and his consort Lakshmi as Kamalavalli. Hara Saabha Vimocchana Perumal Temple is revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Thirumangai Azhwar in ten hymns.
The temple is one of the few historical temples in India where the images of Hindu trinity, Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma are housed in the same premises. It is one of the two temples in Chola Nadu where the trinity can be seen in the same premises, the other being Uttamar Kovil near Tiruchirapalli. The shrines of Brahma and his consort Saraswati were dilapidated during the course of time.
The place is called by different names like Kandiyur, Kandana Kshetram and Pancha Kamala Kshetram, and is believed that devotees get relieved off their Brahmahatti Dosha after visiting the temple. The temple is considered older than Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple and believed to be in existence from the Treta Yuga.
The Moolavar of this Hara Saabha Vimocchana Perumal Temple is Sri Hara Saabha Vimocchanapperumal. He is in Nindra (Standing) position facing East direction. Prathyaksham for Agathiya Munivar. Thayaar is Kamala valli Thaayar.
Hara Saabha temple is believed to have been built by the Medieval Cholas of the late 8th century AD, with later contributions from Vijayanagar kings and Madurai Nayaks.The temple has a 3-tiered rajagopuram (gateway tower) and an adjoining granite wall that surrounds the temple. The temple occupies an area of 1 acre (0.0040 km2) and is located in the between the rivers Kudamurutti and Vennar.
The temple of this sthalam is 222 feet in length and 115 feet broad in the breadth. The temple has two precincts and the main gateway faces the east. The central shrine houses the image of Hara Saabha Vimochana Perumal in standing posture.
The sanctum is approached through two halls, namely, the Garuda Mandapam and the Maha Mandapam. Kapala Moksha Pushkarani, located on the west side of the temple is the major water body associated with the temple, while the Mahabali Theertham is located opposite to it. The shrine of the consort of Hara Saabha Vimochana, Kamalavalli or Kamala Nachiyar, is located in the first precinct. The second precinct houses the shrines for Narasimha, Sudarsana, Andal, Azhwars and Desika.
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