The Nava Kailasam Temples are Navagraha Temples where Lord Shiva itself is considered the particular Graham or planet. All the Temples are situated on the banks of the river Thamirabarani. As per mythology, Sage Agasthya came down South to balance the world when everyone assembled in Kailasam. Lord Pasupathi advised Agasthya to move to South to balance the earth. The rishi obeyed the commands of the Lord. Sage agasthiyar was doing penance in the podhikai hills. One of his prime disciples was urOmacha munivar. He prayed Lord pashupathi to get liberation.
The Lord wanted to bless this to him through his guru agasthiyar. agasthiyar put nine flowers in the river and asked uromacha munivar to install a shiva lingam as kailasha nathar, wherever the flowers dock on the bank and finally bathe and worship the Lord in the place where the river joins the ocean, by doing so he would get what he wished. Adhering to his guru's words, munivar worshipped the Stain-thraoted Lord in the nine places where the nine flowers stopped in the form of shiva lingam and finally bathed in the place where thamiraparani joined the ocean and got liberated. These nine abodes are called Nava Kayilayam Papanatha Swamy Temple,Papanasam ( Suriyan ) - It is situated on the banks of the river Tamirabharani when it comes down to the plains after the Agasthyar Falls. It is around 60 Kms from Tirunelveli. Of the nine Kailash Kshetras - Nava Kailash - Papanasam is the first attributed to Sun God. Hence, the place is known as Surya Kshetra and Surya Kailash. On a Thaipoosam day, Lord Nataraja granted darshan to sages Patanjali and Vyakrapatha standing between the horns of Nandhi the bull vehicle of Lord Shiva. Remembering this event, special pujas are performed on the Thaipoosam day with sandal paste to Nandhi. The Lord is known Papavinaseswarar ( the redeemer of sins ) and He is in the form of a Rudraksha.
Legend- Due to the heavy crowd of sages at Mount Kailash attending the wedding of Lord Shiva with Mother Parvathy, Earth lost its balance. Lord Shiva called Sage Agasthya to go to Pothigai Hills in the South and to balance the Earth level as his single weight was enough for the purpose equaling the weight of the millions of Rishis at Mount Kailash then.
On the first day of Chithirai month (falling almost on April 14 each year), Lord granted the Wedding Darshan to Sage Agasthya. Lord Papanasanatha graces the Wedding Darshan behind the sanctum sanctorum as Kalyanasundarar on His bull vehicle. Sage Agasthya and his wife Lopamudra are in the shrine worshipping the Lord. POOJA
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